Mononucleosis: What are the symptoms and how does the infection happen?

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Fatigue, the condition of the flu, large lymph nodes: The typical manifestations of so-called mononucleosis are not unique, and therefore we mistakenly assign them to other diseases. In this paper, we will discuss the common features of infectious mononucleosis in an attempt to separate typical samples Symptoms.

We will start with its pathogenesis, we will define its relapse for our immune system, and we will deal with health protocols that address patients with infectious diseases. In addition, we will answer one of your most commonly asked questions: What to do? About mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis Meaning

 Mononucleosis virus

In common language, in fact, we tend to be inappropriate for this disease. The term mononucleosis, in fact, only defines excessive presence in our blood, white blood cells, or monocytes and lymphocytes. These single-core cells are present at high concentrations during other diseases, and only in some cases express an infectious image. Among these cases is precisely infectious mononucleosis which is known for its viral fertility, which can be specifically transmitted.

Often also referred to as the disease kiss infectious mononucleosis is mainly transmitted through saliva; the virus virus (EBV) is a herpes simplex virus that is It directly affects the lymphocytes B, is responsible for it. Because these lymphocytes are the main protestant for the production of antibodies, when infected, the EBV virus is directly responsible for the imbalance in the immune system, which can help to incubate the disease.

In Europe, the Epidemic virus is involved in almost all adult people.

The infection is thus estimated from the global EBV

  • (accounting for 95% of the world’s population)
  • Ubiquitaria which is not related to seasonality or weather

Only slightly more than 25% of the positive EPV positive incubation patients, followed by infectious mononucleosis. In adults, it often takes 30 to 45 days to make the disease symptomatic: prior to this stage, the increase in the concentration of single-cell cells is not detectable, except through specific experiments which in most cases

Menonnucleosis: Symptoms and Manifestations


As we have predicted, early manifestations of infectious mononucleosis are not generally mild and severe. If we are infected, we can basically warn of mild infections influenza headaches more or less recurrent, and numbness. Symptoms that are often uncertain or even misunderstood in the first weeks of the infection.

But what happens immediately after that? To determine the benign course or, conversely, the evolution of the disease, the response of our immune system is at the onset of infectious mononucleosis. In the event of a decrease in the immune system due to inadequate diet, external factors or other pathologies, in fact, Menonucleosis appears more intense and after about 30-45 days of infection, the adult patient usually has at least one of these symptoms

  • Evaporating states even higher than 38 degrees
  • Migraine and headache
  • Swallowing problem, mainly due to pharyngitis or lupus erythematosus
  • Weakness and irritability [19659016] Concentration of sensitive lymph nodes
  • Congestive to the associated stomach With constipation or contrary to diarrhea
  • Increased spleen volume
  • Skin reactions
  • Irritation and lesions of the mucous membrane of spinal cord

If it is true that most patients initially tend to The treatment has such indirect symptoms in a traditional way, it is also true that The inadequacy of the usual treatment shows to our doctor the first basic abnormality to diagnose mononucleosis. The result is that it is common for several patients, especially blood tests, to eliminate the EBV virus.

Poisoning and transmission methods

We have previously shown the human saliva as A direct vector for the transmission of infectious mononucleosis. In particular, in addition to kiss the cooperation of everyday objects is also responsible for: brushes, plates, cutlery and glasses with EBV positive people. Rarely, transfusion is recorded through contaminated blood.

Life in the social and environmental environment A misty crowd or inappropriate health conditions therefore increases the risk of transmission. However, although the viral load associated with the EBV virus is high, infectious menonucleosis is considered as a low-infectious disease. Whose release can be controlled by observing rest during treatment and avoiding lending to other individuals who come directly with a ring of gold ring.

Children, elderly people and sports

are those who are more likely to be exposed to mononucleosis, and this is especially true for over 65 years where the symptoms of the infection should be taken into account as soon as possible. To prevent spinal cord injury and infectious complications, especially if their health is compromised from other diseases.

To Children the infection of the EBV virus can affect them before 5 years, and even infants in developing countries; in general, however, contract diseases in fasting infants Tier (between 15 and 20 days) is reduced compared to the course in adults.

Ultimately, the close correlation between mononucleosis and immunity explains why this disease is also widespread athletes and agonists (tennis players and swimmers in the first place). In the long run, the high rhythms cause a temporary decrease in the immune system, thus organizing athletes into risky lands for the forms of the disappeared EBV virus.

My Moneoglucose: What to do?

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So if we are suffering from some of the symptoms associated with infectious mononucleosis, it is important that we immediately seek diagnosis to the extent possible to cover and promote the complete rehabilitation of our immune system . In the first instance, our doctor examines our health status and will be evaluated if the similar effects of influenza are combined with long-term suspected fatigue or, for example, a possible rash. Later, he may do more research in the lab.

The first diagnostic test is usually done in these cases monotest : Starting with a blood sample, there is a certain type of antibodies (so-called heterophilys) in 95% of infectious mononucleosis. If, however, there is doubt, it may continue to search for search for specific antibodies in particular from the IgM class: these emojoglobulins are typically synthesized during the immune response and are present In EBV-viral cases, it indicates the status of the virus’s activity during control.

From the moment we receive the diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis, we know that we must maintain a lifestyle that loses its defense. Most importantly, due to the variable duration of this type of reproduction, it is necessary to conduct more periodic studies to prevent possible complications of mononucleosis and to monitor progressive normalization of a series of parameters such as: RBC levels White.

  • Platelet count,
  • Liver status and related liver function indicators

 Blood analysis

Health from diagnosis to recovery

How is a mononucleosis treatment? To date, there is not yet a specific vaccine for infectious mononucleosis, and not antibiotics, especially if not to deal with the complications of inflammation. Treatment Mainly affects the resolution of symptoms, including: antipyretics; pain relief; rehydrating; , Except for cases that are simultaneously examined, is not necessarily long-term admission.

On the contrary, the hospital formula of the day is one of the most commonly used patients and their families who, in the short run, perform useful control and counseling tests during the diagnostic phase.

In the case of mononucleosis, the possibility of receiving more than one medical point of view, especially because of undesirable symptoms and delicate nature of the disease, seems very important. In such cases, UniSalute introduces itself as a mediator between the patient and the health system, providing insurance options based on age, place of residence and certain illnesses: individualized counseling, home care and Diagnostic checks, even if they are hospitalized

If you have direct or indirect contact with infectious mononucleosis, we want to read your experience in.